1. Implants for paralysis:
In 10 to 15 years, it will be only a distant pain. There is remarkable progress in the use of brain implants that directly transmit the user’s “intent” to the brain, to restore freedom of movement for those paralyzed by spinal cord injury, as well as quality of life. Other modes, such as fleas placed in the eye, to restore lost memories, for Alzheimer’s disease are also explored.
2. The quantum computer:
Google, IBM … these machines are already used and a lot of investments are made to create, at the limits of physics, computing power ever more unequaled. In 4 or 5 years according to MIT, its use will be widespread. Beyond science fiction, in practice, these computers could rewrite encryption, materials science, pharmaceutical research, and artificial intelligence .
3. Gene therapy 2.0:
Researchers have been pursuing the dream of gene therapy for decades. The idea may seem crazy: use a virus designed to provide healthy copies of a gene to patients with defective versions. pies are on the verge of curing devastating genetic disorders.
4. The atlas of our cells:
The first scientist to describe cells in 1665, Robert Hooke would be amazed today by the mega-project of biology: a scheme to capture and examine individually millions of cells using the most powerful tools of modern genomics and cell biology. According to MIT, within 5 years we will soon have a complete “cellular atlas”, which should comprehensively reveal the human body and provide scientists with a new sophisticated model of biology that can accelerate drug discovery.
5. Facial recognition:
This technology can be scary, but it is already used daily in many services. In China, it is developing rapidly in the interest of surveillance, but also of convenience, for example to access buildings. Face recognition can transform everything from police practices that track criminals to banks, stores and transportation services. As of today, it will continue to become widespread massively, says the MIT.
6. Artificial intelligence:
Computers are figuring out how to do things that no programmer could teach them. Thanks to the multiplication of experiments, robots are now able to beat humans to complex games such as go or chess. This is the same concept used for autonomous vehicles. Today, the difficulty lies in complex situations involving interaction with human drivers. But, in 1 or 2 years, big progress is already envisaged.
7. Autonomous Trucks:
Within 5 to 10 years, MIT also sees the future of self-driving trucks. We are talking about individual cars, but artificial intelligence would seem easier to develop on vehicles traveling mostly on the motorway. Transportation costs would be greatly reduced. For example, coordinating with the wind to save fuel. This technology would not replace but would help the trucker finish his journeys earlier while performing other tasks or resting. Otto, a subsidiary of Uber, is already marketing an autonomous truck driving kit, which for the moment remains very expensive.
8. Solar energy:
Solar panels cover an increasing number of roofs, but even decades after their first development, silicon tiles remain bulky, expensive and inefficient. MIT researchers have successfully implemented a system based on carbon nanotubes and photonic crystals. The idea is to store energy in the form of heat, not electricity. By turning heat into targeted beams of light, a new device could capture much more solar energy, create economic power and clean energy. This project should not be completed before 5 to 10 years.
9. The development of “Botnets”:
The relentless pressure to add connectivity to the gadgets of the house creates dangerous side effects that we can not imagine the harmful consequences. This is not new and several massive computer attacks have already used connected objects, still insufficiently protected, which are therefore easy targets. Experts believe that these attacks of the type “botnet” will multiply in the coming years.
10. The 360 ° camera:
These inexpensive cameras create spherical images, opening a new era in photography. With virtual reality, the impression of immersion intensifies. Beyond a small gadget and entertainment, this is a new way of treating patients. With striking realism, they open infinite perspectives in the field of medical care or in the context of education and training.